Top PHP Alternatives for Web Development
Table of Content
1. Top 4 PHP Alternatives
Python is known as one of the most popular programming languages in the IT world. It is a programming language that is a highly powerful alternative to PHP. It comes with a wide range of web projects. And this is all because of the advanced-level functionalities it has to offer for superb performance, especially for managing and processing large data sets for giant business applications. This quality of Python takes the spotlight when a project aims for numerous analytic systems and automation scripts.
Besides, Python comes with an amazing array of built-in functions that are customized to web development and enables the developers to create the project quickly by reducing the web development cost. Basically, Python is one of the programming languages that developers use to create machine learning algorithms and this makes the web project even more sophisticated.
Python is not easy to learn as compared to PHP but you can find so many platforms such as Quora, Stackoverflow and Github where you can find so many resources available to learn Python.
As you can see in the above image Python has more than 48.2k stars and 24.5k forks on GitHub which makes it one of the most popular programming languages.
Advantages of Python
Easy to Read, Learn and Write
Python, a powerful dynamic language that is written like a normal English syntax, makes it easier for programmers to read and understand the code. Anyone can easily learn this language and this is why it is recommended for beginners. When it comes to writing with Python, very few lines of code are required in comparison to languages like C, C++, and Java.
It is an interpreted language that clearly means the code in Python is executed line by line. And if any error is found, the execution stops, and a report is sent back. Basically, Python is a language that shows only one error even if the program has many. And this makes debugging easier.
Python is known as a very productive language and because of its simplicity, it allows the web developers to focus on problem-solving and no extra time is spent on understanding the syntax of the programming language. Python is a powerful dynamic language that makes the programmers’ work easy.
When it comes to Python, it is a programming language that doesn’t know the type of the variable being used until the developer runs the code. This means that it automatically assigns the data type to the variable at the time of execution. The developer doesn’t have to declare the variables and their data types.
Free and Open-Source
Python has an OSI-approved open-source license which means that it is a free-to-use and distributed language. One can download Python source code, modify it and distribute it without any issues.
Another popular programming language that is a perfect alternative to PHP is Java. It is a strongly typed language that comes with discipline developers that are not there with PHP. Java offers the ability to create cleaner and more structured source code. This reduces the possibility of introducing errors that are more prone in PHP. Basically, Java is a highly portable and cross-platform that comes with an impressive performance level because of its support for parallel task execution and concurrency.
Java, an object-oriented programming language, is better positioned when it comes to web apps modularizing. And this impacts its level of ease. This means that Java is one of the best PHP alternatives as it comes with modern approaches and plenty of powerful web development frameworks such as Spring-boot, Hibernate and Json .
As you can see in the above image, there are more than 1.8 Millions Q/A related to JAVA on Stackoverflow.
Advantages Of Java
Java is a very simple language and it is easy to learn. The syntax in the Java programming language is based on C++ which means that it uses an automatic garbage collection feature. And because of this feature, one doesn’t need to delete the unreferenced objects from memory.
Java is one of the most secure programming languages as it doesn’t use Explicit pointers. This language enables the programs to run inside the VM sandbox.
Being an object-oriented language, Java is more practical. Everything in Java is an object. This language uses object-oriented concepts like class, object, inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation, and abstraction.
The code written in Java can run on multiple platforms. This language comes with a feature known as WORA (write once, run anywhere).
It is one of the most robust programming languages in the web development market and the reason behind it is its strong memory management. The developer can handle exceptions with the help of Java code. Besides, type checking can be used to make the code more secure.
Go or Golang is the newest option as an alternative to PHP in comparison to Python or Java. It is a relative newcomer in the world of web development. This software engineering language is created and supported by Google. It comes with a very simple goal of offering the developers efficient tools and features to create highly scalable apps with ease. Go boasts a streamlined syntax so that the developers can carry out multiple tasks with concurrency and parallelism. And this feature is useful in creating distributed applications.
Basically, when PHP programmers find alternatives to PHP, Go is one of the top listed languages. It is the best choice if the programmers want to have an app with optimal performance in corporate networks and cloud-based environments.
If you are a newbie developer and have some doubts related to the job market for GO and PHP, then the above answer from a Quora user can be helpful.
Advantages of Go
Go comes with the ability to compile directly to machine code. This means that it doesn’t require an interpreter. And it makes the development faster as the need for intermediary processes is eliminated. This is why Golang is a step ahead of Java in terms of execution speed.
Generally, it happens that new programming languages lack support for software development tools but this is not the case with Golang. It comes with vast third-party tools just like Java. It also offers Node js IDEs like Visual Studio Code for programming.
Active developer community
Though it is a relatively new language, it comes with a huge active developer community. Besides, its simple yet fast nature has made over 1 million developers use it proficiently. And this number will grow with time.
Easy to learn
Go is not a language that might take months to learn. It is a very easy-to-understand language. Even beginners can easily get through the syntax of the Go language in no time. The code structure in Golang is similar to C which makes it easier for the programmers to get used to this language.
When it comes to the development process of any project, scalability is the one thing that every developer looks for in the programming language. The reason behind it is that no one wants to get stuck in the middle of the process and bring in new features. For this, Golang is the best choice as it offers greater scope for scalability. It enables the developers to execute multiple functionalities at the same time.
2. PHP Alternatives: Comparison Chart
We can see that Python has gained more popularity in recent times because of the evolutions of AI and ML compared to all other PHP alternatives.
Python: It is an object-oriented language that uses interchangeable code modules instead of one long list of instructions.
Java: It comes with both compilation & interpretation approaches and here the bytecode is interpreted by JVM.
Go: It doesn’t come with any virtual machine, it only compiles to languages like C & C++.
Python: It is a multi-paradigm language based on object-oriented programming.
Java: It is a multi-paradigm, independent language based on object-oriented programming.
Go: It is a procedural language based on concurrent programming.
2.3 Mobile Support
Python: It cannot be used in mobile apps as iOS and Android don’t support languages that are interpreter-type.
Java: It completely depends upon device manufacturers.
Go: Go mobile sub repository offers mobile support.
Python: Comparatively slower than Java and Go.
Java: It is slower than Go.
Go: Relatively faster than Java.
Python: Has the easiest programming structure.
Java: Offers a user-friendly and easy-to-use structure.
Go: Easily manageable structure.
Hardik Dhanani has a strong technical proficiency and domain expertise which comes by managing multiple development projects of clients from different demographics. Hardik helps clients gain added-advantage over compliance and technological trends. He is one of the core members of the technical analysis team.